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Accent and syllable tonic

Posted in Italian languages and grammar on Dec 18, 2018

When pronouncing a word, the tone of the voice falls on a particular syllable, called precisely tonic.

It is simply said that the accent “falls” on that syllable.

When to be accented is: 1) the last syllable is said that the word is “tronca” (eg città) 2) The penultimate syllable, the word is called “piana” (eg dovére) 3) the antepenultimate syllable, the word is called “sdrucciola” (eg sàltano) 4) the fourth-last syllable, we say “bisdrucciola” (eg fàbbricalo) 5) the fifth-last syllable, we say “trisdrucciola” (eg ìndicamelo).

For clarity in the examples we have accentuated the tonic syllable, but in the text the accent is mandatory only for the truncated words . For the others it is assumed that the accent is known, even if, as we shall see, the difficult words and the possibilities of misunderstanding are not uncommon.

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In the Italian language there are two accents, the grave and the acute which respectively indicate a closed or open sound of the vowel.

Vocal open or closed

Posted in Italian languages and grammar on Sep 13, 2018

Some words accented on the same syllable change meaning depending on whether the pronunciation of the E or O is either open or closed.

Gabriele

I am a 42 years old certified Italian teacher with a degree in politics and a PhD in modern history.